Thomas Robert Malthus outlined a fascinating vision of the relationship between population growth and what he termed ‘subsistence.’ Malthus argued that population expanded ‘geometrically,’ while ‘subsistence increases only at an arithmetic ratio. Thus, population increases along the order of 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32…, whereas subsistence limps along at the rate of 1, 2, 3, 4.
When the gap between subsistence and population increases it creates food shortage, wastage of natural resources and environmental pollution that bring imbalance in society and makes population a burden on society but the opposite, population can be a major resource of a society because whether a state’s economy is agricultural, industrial and service based it needs man power to work and in future population will be a major player in shaping global dynamics because population will judge the nation’s prospect.
The population is highly debated these days and for several decades the US is promoting this ideology that Modern Family Planning is beneficial for individuals. Fewer babies will keep mothers healthy. Smaller families have better life styles and Reduce growth rate will keep the developmental process sustainable but if we look at the US trends in population it shows us completely different picture.
In 1790 to 1840 US populations have increased from 4 million to 18 million and this is 5% increase in population. After three years in 1870 the population was 38.5 million. In next ten years increase in population was 37% and population was 50 million. At the end of this century population of US was 76 million. Between 1990 and 1940 the birth rate in the U.S. population was higher than plenty of developing countries today and because of this increase 56 million individuals added in population. In the coursework of the earlier of twentieth century the average annual growth rate of the United States was 3%. Now America is a super power having influential role on global world but if we look at current scenario America is a third most populous country of the world with the population 316,668,567 million and its current growth rate is 0.9%.
Now the controversy is that if America can develop and have become an excellent power having this population trends and highest rate and population couldn’t hinder its development then why population became a burden on third world countries and hold back their developing method.
As the matter of reality, population may be a biggest resource of a state as a result of population maintain the survival of society and its culture like Darwin’s theory “survival of the fittest” the state having largest population have additional probabilities to rule over the globe as compared to the less inhabited states and population provides working class to state and this working class helps in development of a state. As a result of importation working class price heavily to state.
Now the question is the way to create this resource helpful and useful. In my view, health and education area unit, the two major contributive sectors in this respect. Health is responsibility of state therefore state ought to offer necessary health aid to women and children. Produce awareness concerning procreative health and birth spacing. Childbearing is a personal right and state must not interfere in this by making one child or two child policy and therefore the main vital issue on that work ought to be done is that the health of a mother and child. In education we will compute in many areas like each kid encompasses a right of free and required education. Introduce distant learning programs therefore each individual get education in spite of problem. Universities ought to undergo a change that modified their role from producers of knowledge to knowledge worker and these knowledge worker significantly can augment human capital and help a nation to compete in a global economy.
By Mommnah Asad
Institute Of Social and Cultural Studies
University Of The Punjab