The Pakistani Spectator

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Grave Worship

By Mohammad Yusha • Feb 23rd, 2013 • Category: Features • 9 Comments

Author’s note: This article is not intended to hurt the feelings of those who visit graves of saints. Rather, an attempt is being made to highlight reality as it is. Disagreement is welcome. Please keep comments civil and related to the article.

I visited the Tabligh Markaz in Nizamuddin (Delhi) and after Maghrib decided to visit the nearby dargah (which is hardly 5 minutes from the Markaz) to see what goes on. While I had seen pictures of people doing sajdah to graves, seeing a picture and seeing it in real life are two completely different things. Needless to say, it was utterly shocking.

When zealous Sahabah (RA) asked Prophet Mohammad (SAW) if they could do sajdah to him, he refused stating that sajdah is reserved for Allah (SWT) alone. When sajdah cannot be done to Prophet Mohammad (SAW), then how can sajdah can be done to graves of saints?

Furthermore, you cannot enter the main area where the grave is located bare headed, but it is okay to enter a mosque bare headed. More respect being shown for a saint’s grave than a mosque, I guess. People were putting sheets on the grave and spreading flowers on it. Maybe someone can provide me Hadith where it says this is acceptable or a practice followed by Sahabah.

Also, in the area right in front of the grave there were people singing Qawwali while playing the harmonium. While musical instruments have been labelled the devil’s instruments by Prophet Mohammad (SAW), I do not know why Qawwali has to be sung right in front of the grave of a saint.

Most women entering the dargah were inappropriately dressed. Muslim and non-Muslim women alike in short kurtis with skin tight leggings, sleeveless tops, less than decent sarees, skin tight jeans, and then they cover their head with a dupatta (actually a portion of their head) as if that is going to make a difference. (If women believe they are visiting a holy place, then it is surprising they do not feel the need to dress appropriately even over there).

Concerning dua, it doesn’t have to be in front of a grave. A person can ask Allah (SWT) in tahajjud, in salat-ul-hajat, after every fardh prayer, and at any time of the day. And even if someone is going to tell me that wasila is allowed in Islam, a lot of people visiting the dargah do not ask Allah (SWT) through wasila. They ask the saint directly. That is shirk. No one can do anything without Allah (SWT).

Most importantly, how can one be sure that it is indeed the grave of a saint, and not the grave of an ordinary person. In fact, how can one be sure that someone is actually buried there?


 
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9 Responses »

  1. this is a very important issue of todays Muslim’s life….every one is doing sajda to grave having faith that they are listening to our problems and they belive that the grave under the grave is alive and is listening…people didnt what is in islam or what are they doing and what ALLAH and HIS PROPHET said to the whole world by hadith and QURAN..todays people leave these two important THINGS that PROPHET said of you loose these two then you will be loose in world and in akhrah…
    MAY ALLAH GUIDE AND GIVE THE RIGHT PATH TO THESE MUSLIMS.Ameen
    and one thing is there in the subcontinent it is very common saying that sufism is the best way to reach near to Allah..and these grave dargah buzurgane deen are famous for spreading islam and are near to islam…so people want close to them by doing sajda to grave….i dont know that were the buzurgane deen said that people should do sajda to me after my death…….????

  2. @farwa

    Talking about Hadith and quran?

  3. A libel invented by people.No body is so fool as to prostrate before Aulia Allah.The only being desrving to be given Sajda is Allah Almighty.None else save him.

  4. yes hadith(THE SUNNAH)and Quran

  5. But the hadith and the Quran do talk about certain protocols for visiting the shrines of Aulia Allah.Culturally,we kiss the feet of our mother or bow down to our elders as a gesture to show them our respect.Does that mean prostarting?May be the people at these mazars by levelling their heads against the Turbat of Aulia are doing the same thing-honouring them.But that does not amount to being called a Sajda.So shouldn’t culture be seperated from religion?And finally the most important thing to bear in mind is that no body bows down any one but ALLAH ALMIGHTY.Only the worst can afford otherwise.

  6. Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 72: Whoever commits ‘shirk’ (invoking anything with Allah), Allah shall forbid for him Paradise, and Hell shall be his abode. And for such wrong doers there will be no one to help.
    Shirk’ is the absolute single biggest sin in Islam, which Allah has Himself promised in the Holy Quran never to forgive! This sin is so heinous and so monstrous, that Allah has promised to forgive any of the sins of man, except this one sin!
    • 1. Bowing down to anybody or anything other than Allah is shirk.
    2. Bowing down to the Syedna is shirk.
    3. Bowing down to the graves of his ancestors is shirk.
    4. Bowing down to the graves of even the Prophet (saws), Hadrat Ali (saws), Hadrat Fatema (saws), etc. is shirk.
    5. Believing that the dead people in their graves can hear and answer our duas is shirk.
    6. Believing that anybody other than Allah can do us any harm is shirk
    • 7. Believing that anybody other than Allah can bring us some good is shirk.
    8. Believing that anybody other than Allah knows everything is shirk
    9. Believing that anybody other than Allah sees everything is shirk.
    10. Believing that anybody other than Allah listens to our prayers is shirk.
    11. Believing that anybody other than Allah can help us is shirk.
    12. Believing that anybody other than Allah can guide us is shirk.
    13. Believing that anybody can influence Allah to give us health is shirk.
    • 14. Believing that anybody can influence Allah to give us wealth is shirk.
    15. Believing that anybody can influence Allah to give us children is shirk.
    16. Believing that anybody can influence Allah to help us is shirk.
    17. Believing that anybody has any power with Allah is shirk.18. 18. Believing that anybody has any power with Allah to take us out of the fire of Hell is shirk.
    19. Believing that anybody has any power with Allah on the Day of Judgement is shirk
    • 20. Believing that anybody has any power to change the decision of Allah is shirk.
    21. To worship anybody with Allah is shirk.
    22. To invoke anybody with Allah is shirk.
    23. To raise anybody to the rank of Allah is shirk.
    24. To give any of Allah’s attributes to anybody else is shirk.
    25. To believe that anybody has the power to bring about any miracles on his own is shirk.
    26. To go to somebody to take our message or supplication to Allah is shirk.

  7. @Aniq Ahmed

    Iam not as knowledgable as most other commentators here are or may be.But here are some excerpts from islamic literature on the concept of “Intercession” from the Holy Quran and hadith.Remember,shirk is a different thing and intercession,as proven by Quran itself,is a different thing altogether.So most of us mix both up and tangle ourselves into something trapping.

    ‘Allama Sa’eedi and ‘Allama ‘Abd al-Hakim Sharf Qadri write:

    “It is better that help is sought directly from Allah, most High, and through the waseela of the anbiya or awliya. If an individual seeks help from the anbiya or awliya by means of achieving help from Allah, most High, the person is not committing kufr.”

    [Sharh Muslim, 'Allama Sa'idi, Nidaa-e-Ya Muhammad, page 30 by 'Allama Sharf Qadri]
    Shaykh al-’Alawi al-Maliki, the Mufti of Makka writes:

    “When we ask help from the anbiya and awliya, as a means, it is through their supplication (du’a) that they help us. Take for example the Day of Judgment when the umma will benefit from our Beloved Prophet,
    Hadrat Muhammad Mustafa (May Allah bless him and grant him peace). This is called asking for help through the anbiya and awliya and likewise to ask them to make du’a for us can be called help or istishfah or tawasul.

    [Ziyarat of the Grave, page 213, by the mufti of Makka, 'Allama Shaykh Muhammad al-'Alawi al-Maliki al-Makki]
    Ibn Taymiyya and Qadi Shawkani quote the following hadith: ‘Abd Allah bin Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with Him, reported that our Beloved Prophet, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), stated:

    “If you ever find yourselves stranded alone in a desolate place or jungle, then say, ‘O servants of Allah! Help me, Allah have mercy on you.’”

    [Al-Kalim al-Tayyib, page 69, by ibn Taymiyya, and Qadi Shawkani in Tufhat ad-Dhakireen, page 130. Ibn Sunni, Imam Bazaar, Hafidhh al Hasamim and Imam Nawawi all quote this hadith also in their various books.]

    This hadith, demonstrates that one can ask help from those who one cannot see, like the angels, the friends of Allah, the jinn, and that it cannot be said that it is a wrong act. Mullah ‘Ali Qari writes that our Beloved Prophet Muhammad, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), said that:

    If you are in the jungle alone say, “O servants of Allah! Help me.” The servants of Allah are the angels, Muslims, jinn, or ‘abdal. This hadith is useful for travellers.

    [Al Hirzu al-ThAmin, page 378, by Mullah 'Ali Qari] .

    Muhammad bin ‘Abd al-Wahhab writes that the people who claim that it is permissible to seek help from the pious cite the following evidence in support of their argument:

    When Ibrahim, peace be upon him, was thrown into the fire, Jibreel peace be upon him, offered his help to free him. If seeking help from other than Allah is shirk, then why did Jibril offer his assistance to Ibrahim? The answer is that the help which was being offered, was within his capability given by Allah, most High, and therefore not shirk.

    [Kitab Kasfh al Shubhat, page 23].

    Bilal bin Harith asked the Prophet, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), for help during the famine in Madina during the khilafah of ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with Him. The Messenger of Allah, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), gave water to ‘Uthman, may Allah be pleased with Him, from a window when he was being surrounded by his enemies and, furthermore, even comforted him by giving the news that he would be martyred and would be breaking his fast with him in paradise the next day. The Prophet, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), gave advice to Imam Hussayn, may Allah be pleased with Him, regarding the battle of Karbala -when he was departing for Kufa and then later, on the night before his death. The Messenger of Allah, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), gave news that they would meet the next day in Paradise.

    [Tarikh Ibn Kathir, chapter on Khilafa of 'Umar; chapter on Death of 'Uthman, and the chapter on Karbala].

    Jazakallah khair.

  8. More:
    When the Beloved Messenger of Allah, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), went on the Mi’raj, fifty prayers a day were initially ordered. On return Prophet Musa, peace be upon him, requested the Messenger of Allah, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), to return to Allah and ask for a reduction in prayers. He did so and by doing this, the number of times was reduced to five prayers a day.

    [Muslim and Bukhari chapter Miraj]

    Prophet Musa, peace be upon him, helped the Umma of the Messenger of Allah, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), even after he had passed away.

    Imam al Waqdi writes that: Abu Ubaidah, may Allah be pleased with Him, was the leader of the army of Damascus and was in Jihad. In his dream he saw the Prophet of Allah, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), inform him that ‘ Tomorrow Damascus will be defeated,’ and He, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), departed quickly’. I asked the Prophet ‘ Why are you returning so hastily?’ He replied ‘ Abu Bakr has died and I am going to attend his Janaza’ (funeral)

    [Futuh as sham, Allama Waqdi].

    Ibn Taymiyya says that: In the time of a drought, a person came to our Prophet’s grave and complained about the drought. He then saw our Prophet, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), who said go to ‘Umar and tell him to perform the Salaah of Istisqah. There are numerous true narrations similar to this.

    [Iqtisa Sirat al Mustaqim, page 373, Also Imam Bukhari has mentioned about this in his book, Tarikh al Kabir, biography of Malik al dar].

    Ibn-e-Taymiyya writes that: Ibn Musayab’s listening of the adhan from the Prophet’s grave or the returning of salaam from the graves of the Awliya, is haqq and we believe in it.

    [Iqtida as Sirat al-Mustaqim, page 373].

  9. “Listen carefully and no doubt there is no fear nor any grief upon the friends of Allah.” (Surah Yunus : 62 ).

    Imam Abu Nuaim in Hilya and Imam Ibne Asakir narrate from Abdullah ibne Masood (Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu ) that the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala alayhi wa Sallam) says ;

    “Undoubtedly there are 300 Awliya (friend) of Allah within his creature and there hearts are the heart of Adam (alaihis salaam) and the hearts of 40 are like the heart of Musa (alaihis salaam) and the hearts of the seven are like the heart of Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) and the heart of the five are like the heart of Jabrail (alaihis salaam) and the hearts of the three are like the heart of Mikail (alaihis salaam) and the heart of one is like the heart of Israfeel (alaihis salaam). When that one (whose heart is like the heart of Israfeel) dies the one amonge of three made his representative and when some one dies among these three the one among five is made his representative and when some one dies from five the one among the seven is made his representative and when some one dies from seven the one among the forty is made his representative and when some one dies from the forty the one among the three hundred is made his representative and when some one dies from the three hundred the one among the general creature is made his representative. These are the 356 Awliya due to them the life, death, raining and the growing of the plant is happened “.

    Imam Bukhari (rahmatullah alaih) narrates from Anas (Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu) that Usaid ibne Hudair and Ibad ibne Bishr were talking with the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala alayhi wa Sallam) about their works. This happened in a dark night then both of them came out from that place to turn. Each of them have a small stick in his hand.At once the stick of one among them brightened and both of them walked in that light.when they separated from each other because of the separation of the way the stick of other one also brightened. So each of them walked in the light of his own stick upto he reached his house. [Mishkat Shareef Page 544].

    Hadrat Umar (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) said:

    “I heard the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala Alayhi wa Sallam) saying
    that there will be certain worshippers of Allah who will not be Prophets, nor
    martyrs, but the Prophets and martyrs will envy them on the Day of
    Judgement.”

    The Companions then asked, “O Prophet of Allah, who are these people?”

    Then the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala Alayhi wa Sallam)
    explained to them the qualities of the Awliya. The Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala
    Alayhi wa Sallam) read to them the verse:

    “Beware, verily on the friends of Allah, there is no fear, nor shall they grieve.”
    (Surah Yunus, Verse 62).

    n Bukhari Shareef, Hadrat Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) reports
    the following Hadith-e-Quddsi:

    The Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa Sallam) has said
    that Allah said, “Whoever shows enmity to a friend of mine, I shall be at war
    with him.”

    Do not even think of those who are martyred in the way of Allah as dead,
    BUT THEY ARE ALIVE near their lord and given provision. They are
    joyous of what Allah bestowed upon them of his favour and they give good
    news to those who have not as yet reached them.”
    (Surah Al-Imraan, Verse 170).”

    Imam Abu Naeem (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) , in his book “Hilyaat-ul
    -Awliya”, narrates from Hadrat Saeed (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) , that:

    “By Allah, Hameed Taweel, and myself were burying Hadrat Thabit
    Nibhaani (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) . As we were setting the final rocks,
    one rock accidentally fell into the grave. As I peeped into the grave, I saw
    Hadrat Thabit Nibhaani (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) was about to perform
    salaah, and he was imploring to Allah in the following manner:

    ‘O Allah! You have given certain of your creation the permission to
    perform their salaah within the grave. Give me also this same permission.

    All these authentic sources show that the concept of intercession is warranted and even permissible.But the most important thing not to be glossed over is the fact the all the help is finally granted by ALLAH ALMIGHTY.And people who worship anyone besides Allah are infact excluded from the fold of Islam.

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