The Pakistani Spectator

A Candid Blog



Geo Political Importance of Pakistan

By M. Waqas (Ex MPA) • Nov 19th, 2008 • Category: Politics, Worth A Second Look • 36 Comments

Introduction

Pakistan is world’s ninth most populous country. It is situated in North West part of south Asian sub continent and lies between 24’ and 37 ‘north latitude and 67’ and 75’ east longitude. It is bounded on the east by India (1950 km) on north & north west by Afghanistan(1200 km) on south west by Iran (800 km) on the south by Arabian Sea. It has also a common border on the north with China (600 km).

Pakistan has a land of 769095 sq km, spread over a diverse terrain, comprising steep mountains and deep valleys, fertile plains of Indus valley and deserts in sindh and balochistan.

Geographical importance

‘’ The foreign policy of a country is determined by its geography’’. (Napoleon)

This may be an exaggeration, but there can be no question that geography has had decisive effect upon civilization and upon national development.

I will try to high light the geographic factor in the light of following points like Size, Location, Natural resources & geo politics.

Size

The land area of a state in itself is an element of power. Size effects on the conduct of warfare, population and natural resources. Size also effects on national unity. It is important from administrative and cultural point of view.

In this perspective Pakistan is ideal. Its size is greater than many developed countries like UK, France, Japan and its population is less than Japan Indonesia and Malaysia. In this regard land of Pakistan is quite enough for its inhabitants for their use like residence , agriculture , forestry, industry and other facilities of infrastructure like dams roads and motorways.

Location

Location is perhaps more important than size. Location tends to make a state a land power or a sea power. Pakistan has two of the largest countries of the world as its neighbor’s .china with a population of over one billion and India with nearly a billion.

During the cold war era Pakistan played a role of buffer zone in communism and capitalism. Pakistan is located at the mouth of Indian Ocean. Thus it is the gate way for central Asian states to reach the Indian Ocean. Worlds 75% trade pass through Arabian Sea and Pakistan enjoys the privilege of being a central point in that trade route having 700 km of coastal line and deep sea port of Gawader.

Natural Resources

Pakistan has the best natural resources of the world. Lack of technology fragile infrastructure and limited financial resources are the main hurdles in the way to explore and utilize these resources.

Population

Pakistan is fortunate in this regard that it has greater ratio of young generation while in contrast to that the west is far behind from us. Our only need is to properly educate our youngsters. The vivid proof of our talent is that Pakistanis are showing excellent performance in every sphere of life in the developed countries. Our atomic bomb is another example of the talent of our scientists.

Now the question is how to exploit all these positive factors in favor of Pakistan and why so far our leaders failed to avail the opportunities which are spread on all over the horizon and waiting for us to grasp them . May be our young generation find the answer of this question?


 

 

 
Trackback URL

Tagged as: , , , , , , , , , , ,

Click For More Articles By M. Waqas (Ex MPA)
All posts by M. Waqas (Ex MPA)
You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed.

36 Responses »

  1. ????????????

    I read all this in my “Geography of Pakistan” class,

  2. MAS
    for yours latest version I can modify above
    Introduction
    It is 51 state of USA and declared as one of terroist state .As its all states are welfare and civilized states so its very difficult for them to where dumb their criminals and -ve attitude people.Due to aggrresive and corrupt attitude of Pakistanis , US management has decided to enroll it in their management and will be developed as one of biggest threat to other asian countries.That why we are called US tigers.
    Geographical importance
    It is among of those states whom mostly spent its time or resources for fighting with neighbors.We are biggest dealers of US arms in the region so always place on top in US lists.Pakistan is role model for its neighbors as US bestowed us modern war technology to fight with our neigbors and now a new trend is introduced by US think tank that to kill pakistanis in Pakistan by US and only US arms.A unique trend that hardly any other country can adopt for its survival.
    Size
    as per desired of masters and rulers.We didnt like biharis, we had thrown our land out of map with those poor biharis as we only like rich community to rule us .Now we are not interested in tribal beard men .First we try to kill them through US planes so when population would be reduced we will think of its change in size but all depends on US geograpical plans.
    Location.
    our actual location is like water bag in pregnant mothers.China take us as water bag that would stop infilteration from Indian side or also US side.In Indian politics we are best to target for all kinds of sins in India.If human smuggling, terrorism or riots we are here to absorb all curses happening in India.It is also best and biggest drug trade for US dealers and addicts.So we are happy that US sells arms to us and we supply drugs to them and then go and play gambling in its world class casinos.
    Natural resources.
    No one can deny our soil is rich in all types of natural resources.Govt has no interests in such resources so people and foreign companies are capturing our resources and all govt looks in hurry of selling theses natural resources to private groups instead of making it profitable for public or govt.

    Population
    very rich in such commodity and thats why generate poor labor and soldiers for rich countries. No matters if died on daily basis we are surplus in this unique quality.

  3. Well written Nazia!

    pakistan is 51st state, and Israel is the 52nd state, Isreal being the most pampered and pakistan is the step sister, like cinderella was in the story, the only difference is pakistan deserves what it is getting

  4. Good.

  5. Good to know it again, Mr. MPA. Liked that.

  6. What kind of MPA is , who does not know the exact area of Pakistan which even a class 5 student knows. I think, he has excluded the area of Azad Kahmir which emp-hasizes that he belongs to PPP, considering Pakistani area of Kashmir to India (in fact, he must add Indian occupied Kashmir as part of Pakistan but alas! they are our MPA’s not indian MPA’s)
    Shame on you!
    Look below and note this in your diary Mr. MPA for your future reference:

    Background: The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.C., remnants of this culture fused with the migrating Indo-Aryan peoples. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam), Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad’s marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. The dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing, but discussions and confidence-building measures have led to decreased tensions since 2002. Mounting public dissatisfaction with President MUSHARRAF, coupled with the assassination of the prominent and popular political leader, Benazir BHUTTO, in late 2007, and MUSHARRAF?s resignation in August 2008, led to the September presidential election of Asif ZARDARI, BHUTTO?s widower. Pakistani government and military leaders are struggling to control Islamist militants, many of whom are located in the tribal areas adjacent to the border with Afghanistan. The Pakistani government is also faced with a deteriorating economy as foreign exchange reserves decline, the currency depreciates, and the current account deficit widens.
    Geography Pakistan
    Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north
    Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E
    Map references: Asia
    Area: total: 803,940 sq km
    land: 778,720 sq km
    water: 25,220 sq km
    Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California
    Land boundaries: total: 6,774 km
    border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km
    Coastline: 1,046 km
    Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
    Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
    Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m
    Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
    Land use: arable land: 24.44%
    permanent crops: 0.84%
    other: 74.72% (2005)
    Irrigated land: 182,300 sq km (2003)
    Total renewable water resources: 233.8 cu km (2003)
    Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): total: 169.39 cu km/yr (2%/2%/96%)
    per capita: 1,072 cu m/yr (2000)
    Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
    Environment - current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification
    Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
    Geography - note: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

  7. I am not high lighting the data, which can be found any where. My point is how to use this geo political situation in the favor of our motherland. but I think no one is ready yet to consider this point

  8. Ashiq mussarf
    if you replace your name with “shame on you” then it would be right choice for you as it reflects your unaccountable services for TPS that how many times you use this term for realizing people to take shame lesson from you on regular basis.You must start Shame class on net so that people will benefit from you and start growing their shame instinct that has been diminished in 38 year of military rule.I hope top military generals , corrupt bureaucrats and NRO politicans would be first to join you on this shame on you national program.This way you might be successful to shut the mouths of people like us.lets join hands with people of all time ruling the nation and carry on you shame on you program altogether.

  9. Aashique of Musharraf,

    Good to see a pakistani going beyond islamic rule/invasion and taking abt OUR GLORIOUS PRE-ISLAMIC PAST……….though much,much more needs to be mentioned…………….

    Dear Nazia……….

    No need to get frustrated……….TALK ABT REAL CHANGE……………..

    DR MUHAMMAD ALI SHAIKH
    Former Principal, Sindh
    Madressatul Islam
    Karachi

    He writed in THE DAWN…………….

    “”"”"”Recently, during a visit to Class VII in a school, I was astonished when the students told me that Sudan was located in Europe and Germany was located in Australia! Shocked, when I asked for the textbook of the subject Social Studies, I found that there were nine chapters in the book: (1) Pakistan in the Muslim World (2) The Contemporary Muslim World (3) The Muslim World and Colonialism (4) Muslim Awakening (5) Struggle for Pakistan 1937-1947 (6) Land and People of the Muslim World (7) Resources of Muslim World (8) Trade in Muslim World and (9) Civic Life in Pakistan.

    The contents of these chapters were more confusing and one could hardly blame the students for their ignorance. This over emphasis on Islam and Muslims and total ignorance about the world that exists around us have helped a great deal the masterminds of terrorism to use these innocent young people as fodder in shape of suicide bombers and terrorists to achieve their political targets.”"”"”"

    TRY CHANGING THIS MORONIC EDUCATION SYSTEM……………….if u guys wanna join china,india,japan,korea in 21st century……….

  10. Ashique Sahib, itna ghussa kyun kertay ho bhai, debate and discussion say insaan seekhta hai brother. Nazia ka apna point of view hai , tumhara apna hai, so lets not fight , lets just debate in a cool manner :) , by the way , Ashique bhai aap nay wikipedia say yeh details li hain jo ooper paste k hain :)

  11. Aashiqu of Musharraf Says:
    November 19th, 2008

    What kind of MPA is , who does not know the exact area of Pakistan which even a class 5 student knows. I think, he has excluded the area of Azad Kashmir which emphasizes that he belongs to PPP, considering Pakistani area of Kashmir to India (in fact, he must add Indian occupied Kashmir as part of Pakistan but alas! they are our MPA’s not indian MPA’s)
    Shame on you!
    Look below and note this in your diary Mr. MPA for your future reference:

    Wow what a powerhouse of knowledge, you always surprise me, more I read and get to know you better.
    hey Indian u don’t make sense, read again WHAT Ashique is saying, understand then comment

    any way Respected Sir Aashique of Musharaff
    Our Mpa’s don’t have this wisdom and education and understanding of Pakistan, History and love for all, like you do, othewise our current national problems are solved. But unfortunately there is lack of foresightedness
    Communication and understanding, intelligence, in most of our leaders, and they believe in hate, divide and rule. luckily we have many educated wise and genius young man in our country, like you, Who believe in unity, hard work intelligent planning, and love for all and hate for none.

    The best example is Mustafa Kamal Mayor of Karachi. A young educated man like you doing wonders in Karachi, and famous around the world. It proves any one who is determined to achieve his honest goals in life can reach highest position in world, and in front of God. and God always bless people like you to serve humanity his people his nation.
    Our Prophet PBUH sent by Allah To guide and bring Islam peace and order in the ummah, and for every one, who ever accept Allah’s teaching and believe In Final Holy ” Quran ” and all books and prophets sent before him.
    Knowledge love and will FATEH E ALAM

    I wonder Sir with this knowledge like having Encyclopedia in brain How come you you don’t write in TPS. I humbly request you Sir to write for us your message of wisdon and love as TPS Post, so more people like myself can benefit from it. Umeed hai aap ghoor Farmain Gay main apka next zabardast mazmoon ka as a post shidat say muntazar hoon .

    Mayoos mut krain.
    Jab Ilm ka Chand niklay gay.ga sittary khud hi maand par jain

    Ek aqeedat mand
    We need u Sirji

  12. Aashiqu of Musharraf Says:
    November 19th, 2008

    What kind of MPA is , who does not know the exact area of Pakistan which even a class 5 student knows. I think, he has excluded the area of Azad Kashmir which emphasizes that he belongs to PPP, considering Pakistani area of Kashmir to India (in fact, he must add Indian occupied Kashmir as part of Pakistan but alas! they are our MPA’s not indian MPA’s)
    Shame on you!
    Look below and note this in your diary Mr. MPA for your future reference:

    Wow what a powerhouse of knowledge, you always surprise me, more I read and get to know you better.
    Respected an Indian, Nazia. we dont believe in hate, you must respect our views like we do. u don’t make sense, read again WHAT Ashique is saying, understand then comment

    any way Respected Sir Aashique of Musharaff
    Our Mpa’s don’t have this wisdom and education and understanding of Pakistan, History and love for all, like you do, othewise our current national problems are solved. But unfortunately there is lack of foresightedness
    Communication and understanding, intelligence, in most of our leaders, and they believe in hate, divide and rule. luckily we have many educated wise and genius young man in our country, like you, Who believe in unity, hard work intelligent planning, and love for all and hate for none.

    The best example is Mustafa Kamal Mayor of Karachi. A young educated man like you doing wonders in Karachi, and famous around the world. It proves any one who is determined to achieve his honest goals in life can reach highest position in world, and in front of God. and God always bless people like you to serve humanity his people his nation.
    Our Prophet PBUH sent by Allah To guide and bring Islam peace and order in the ummah, and for every one, who ever accept Allah’s teaching and believe In Final Holy ” Quran ” and all books and prophets sent before him.
    Knowledge love and will FATEH E ALAM

    I wonder Sir with this knowledge like having Encyclopedia in brain How come you you don’t write in TPS. I humbly request you Sir to write for us your message of wisdon and love as TPS Post, so more people like myself can benefit from it. Umeed hai aap ghoor Farmain Gay main apka next zabardast mazmoon ka as a post shidat say muntazar hoon .

    Mayoos mut krain.
    Jab Ilm ka Chand niklay gay.ga sittary khud hi maand par jain

    Ek aqeedat mand
    We need u Sirji

  13. relaaaaaaaaaax everyone!! why are u all taking it so seriously??

  14. and ya..article pe comment karo….instead of commenting on those who hav already commented. life’s too dear and short to be treated SO seriously…so RELAX EVERYONE!

  15. thanks -that u created this web site-it is very healp full for pakistan studies

  16. Salam Waqar Sahaib!
    Your efforts for Pakistan are appreciable. Keep yorself update.
    a sincere Pakistani

  17. hahaha sO THE muslims are following the same tradition of fighting with each and other> for God sake yar stop following this custom.U KNOW WHT WE R LEFT BEHIND NOT BECAUSE OF OUR ENEMIES BUT BECAUSE OF OUR OWN COMMUNITY.

  18. u all r dumies just farigh log who has nothing to say accept barking.

  19. salam to mr PMA sahib

    sir i apriciate ur efforts allah give u long life that u may work more and more for this land.
    thanks

  20. salam!
    to all pakistani, pakistan is located in the very beautiful place on the earth,
    which is the very desirable place for each country. as it is located on economical peak…

Leave a Reply (Read Comment Policy)

TPS has started observing minimal and mainly automatic comments moderation. Our automatic moderation tool tries to moderate comments on the basis of inappropriate keywords. If you feel that your valid and proper comment has been moderated, then please let us know, and we will promptly look into it. If you feel that an inappropriate comment has been ignored by tool, then let us know please, and we will check it. Thanks for your visit and help.

Like this facebook page too for the forms and application. Like page for FORMS and Applications