Law making is very effective tool of liberal democratic orders to keep people under control. This is evident from the number of courts to deal with increasing litigation in the ‘best’ democratic order of the world – the United States. According to Alan Grant ‘both in 1984 and 1990 Congress approved the creation of an [...]
A short paragraph interested me in the book titled “The American Political Process” by Alan Grant. Here it is: ‘There have been over 5000 suggested amendments to the Constitution introduced in Congress since 1787, but less than 40 have been submitted to the states and only twenty-seven have actually been ratified [by 1994].’
Let me tell [...]
I was recently reading a book on the topic of philanthro-capitalism penned by Matthew Bishop and Michael Green with the aim as how giving can save the world. The foreword of it is written by Bill Clinton.
Its preface says: “Super Rich Friends” was how Good Morning America, a popular network tv show, headlined its report [...]
If I were, this election period would be great opportunity for me to make big cash stake. This is a time when workers are respected and they can make money.
Let’s us start with PML (N). If I were worker of this party, I would never ever go out of Lahore. For their focus is this [...]
Amy Chua in her book World on Fire writes: Starting in the late nineteenth century, the explosion of market activity throughout the West was accompanied by the emergence of redistributive institutions of unprecedented magnitude, softening the harshest effects of capitalism. In every developed country these institutions include not only relief to the extremely poor but [...]
The procedure of opting for any political identity is the most important thing today. This in line with whatever institutionalized identity one has, like Taliban have always been interpreted as interlopers.
In Iran the revolution replaced the Shah with democracy – a compatible option for the West. For the West, Iran’s revolution was step forward towards [...]
I was asked: what are the linkages between peace research and peace movements and how these two can help strengthen the peace process?
My reply was: the very linkage between peace research and peace movements is the vested contribution of the developed world. The peace research is to meet the same fate what has been happening [...]
Before talking about human rights, we have to define the extension of rights determined for human, whether it is impinged upon body or soul. A right presupposes a claim, and if claim is not made, the question of a right doesn’t arise.
But to take any position on the definition of human being on philosophical basis [...]
There are two conceptions of freedom, positive and negative. The traits of negative conception of freedom are: to be able to do what one wants to do (your right should be the same, it develops a law of good); ‘good’ is relative to individual particularity, as it breeds relativity of good.
Similarly, the features of the [...]
I was a few days back reading Rasul Bakhsh Rais’ book Recovering the Frontier State: War, Ethnicity, and State in Afghanistan. I read an interesting paragraph: ‘The state [Afghanistan] got destroyed in its early phase of modernization when its institutional base was infirm…..They [Afghan leaders and the international community] are [now] trying to reconstruct Afghanistan’s [...]